Tips for ensiling grasses, mixtures and legumes

Luis Queiros

Our expert Luis shared his tips on how succeed in high quality silage form grasses, mixtures and legumes:

  1. Adjust harvest time to the specific diet needs of the farm and to your animals – if your forage needs are protein content/kg DM harvest between 10-30% of the total field heading or flowering, if you need fiber and DM/ha, harvest close to 50% of the total field heading or flowering;
  2. Try to harvest when conditions for the quickest wilting period are possible – the quicker a plant loses moisture the better final nutritional quality of silage; consider using conditioner machinery, wider swaths, etc.
  3. Try to get your grass silages and legumes silages to a minimum DM content of 30%, avoiding clostridia fermentation and protein degradation.
  4. Make sure chop length is according to nutritional needs, and specifically to the requirements of physical effective fiber;
  5. Adapt chop length to DM content – below 28% DM increase chop length to 5-6 cm, above 28% DM decrease chop length to 2-3 cm, to promote a better compaction
Lallemand Animal Nutrition does not purport, in this guide or in any other publication, to specify minimum safety or legal standards or to address all of the compliance requirements, risks, or safety problems associated with working on or around farms. This guide is intended to serve only as a beginning point for information and should not be construed as containing all the necessary compliance, safety, or warning information, nor should it be construed as representing the policy of Lallemand Animal Nutrition. No warranty, guarantee, or representation is made by Lallemand Animal Nutrition as to the accuracy or sufficiency of the information and guidelines contained herein, and Lallemand Animal Nutrition assumes no liability or responsibility in connection therewith. It is the responsibility of the users of this guide to consult and comply with pertinent local, state, and federal laws, regulations, and safety standards.

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